tv BBC World News WHUT April 14, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT
>> union bank has put its expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." a major earthquake strikes western china. nearly 600 reported killed, thousands injured. a violent tropical storm of tears across northeast indiana and neighboring bangladesh. a champion for democracy in egypt. he says he will only stand for president if there is real change in his country.
welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. coming up later, a breakthrough in genetics, a fertility techniques that could prevent some inherited diseases. and 40 years after "hair" caused a stir, it is back. does it still have the power to offend? hello. the latest figures from chinese state media suggest 589 dead, thousands injured. from these images from china, the toll from the earthquake may be much worse. the earthquake magnitude 6.9 is classified as major. it is a remote province with a
long history of earthquakes, 3,000 meters up on the tibetan plateau. china's capital is 2,000 kilometers to the eat. the epicenter was it you shoot county, 800 kilometers southwest of the provincial capital. -- the epicenter was tushuyushu county. >> that had little chance of surviving the shock, low-rise buildings made from a stone. the fear is thousands could remain buried in the remains of their houses that crumbled. the destruction close to the epicenter is expansive. 80% of the buildings have collapsed. these were the first pictures to emerge from the disaster zone, shot from surveillance cameras on a police car shortly after the 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck in the early morning. there is little heavy lifting equipment to help in the rescue.
area is prone to earthquakes, the epicenter was in yushu county, just 20 kilometers south of one of the biggest towns in the county. the epicenter was close to the surface, just 6 miles down. this was a school. as it came down, some students ran out, escaping with their lives. by midafternoon, they were pulling bodies from the rubble, more than 20, most of them girls. another 40 are still missing. >> people are trying to get the survivors out of the rubble with a very basic equipment. there seems to be a lack of excavating equipment and difficulty getting it into the area. i>> within hours, china began mobilizing a rescue effort, hitting the province. but the earthquake zone is in the remote mountains bordering
tibet, 12,000 feet above sea level, hundreds of kilometers from the major -- nearest major city. chinese seismologists measured many major aftershocks while they tried to drain a reservoir that had developed cracks. experts say the main hospital has been damaged and medical help is urgently needed. with nightfall is a new problem, temperatures falling below zero. the rescue trains -- the rescue teams will be bringing tents and blankets. so many are without shelter now at high altitude. at least 100 people have been killed by said oaklawn -- by a cyclone in northeastern bangladesh. the rescuers have found the 31 bodies in the poorest district. our correspondent reports from
delhi. >> this is the result of what is known locally as a storm which develops over the bay of bangor and the hot summer months. this was bad. the worst storm some locals have ever seen. >> there has been huge loss of life and property here. almost all of the houses have been damaged. the roadways are in bad conditions. we have never seen such destruction in our lives. >> tens of thousands of houses, many of them made from mud or tin roofs, have been damaged or destroyed. the damage is severe, as well as across the border in bangladesh. around midnight, devastating winds tore across the region, uprooting trees and bringing down power lines. storms are something of an occupational hazard in this part of the world and the state
governments have announced relief packages to the people who have been affected. that does not diminish the sense of shock among the poor communities who are often struggling to survive in the best of times. mourners are still queuing up to pay their respects to the late polish president lech kaczynski, who was killed in an airplane crash last saturday. the tragedy has divided the nation over the decision to bury him in krakow. it is reserved for the nation's kings and heroes. hundreds of people are protesting. the ousted president of kurdistan has said -- the interim president says the ousted president of kurdistan should stand trial. he said he is prepared to negotiate and stand trial if it can safely be guaranteed. a dutch nurse who was jailed for life for murder she did not
commit has been exonerated and given a public apology. lucie de burke served six and half years in prison and will now get compensation from the dutch government. the bbc has been told that his priority is moving the country towards democracy. the former head of the u.n. nuclear watchdog is warning that egypt risks becoming a dead-end street. i>> he is an egyptian politician who has served four years in prison after the last presidential election. a policeman warned that filming and the gathering itself are a legal, and then the riot started. -- are not legal, and then the riot started.
the chances against president mubarak, amid rumors that he cannot survive an operation. egyptian tv showed the president, almost 82, talking to his doctors. even his supporters accept that change is coming. >> anyone who has been in power so long creates around him those who become more comfortable with the status quo. it is important for the people to see change. that is human nature. >> it is widely believed that president mubarak wants to his son to succeed him, but to return home of the bomb that elbaradei may change that. -- of mahomet elbaradei a may change that. his fans want him to run for president. he explained they need a
constitutional reform first. he said he would rather boycott the election and take part in a cricket one. -- he would rather boycott the election then take part in a crooked one. >> it was going to be the president? it does not matter to me at the end of the day. if the system is based on institutions, it is not the most important. >> why is change necessary in egypt? >> we have 42% of the people, 30% who cannot read and write. that is shameful. >> he lives behind security gates and walls in a compound. there is a question about how popular he is outside of this small area. in the portis turks, the government is more worried about the muslim brotherhood,
-- in the poor districts, the government is more worried about the muslim brotherhood. >> the people have hope now. before, there was not any hope. we hope now that elbaradei will change that, because egypt is very despotic. >> the question is whether the opposition, in whatever form, can make inroads when president mubarak goes and how his departure the facts the world's most unstable region. egypt sees itself as the leader of the arab world, but recently has not always kept that up. with president mubarak's successor, that may change, which could mean uncertainty for america and its allies, who have come to rely on mr. mubarak to keep this place quiet. scientists and u.k. have
perfected a fertility techniques that promises new hope to families living in the shadow of inherited diseases. a team from newcastle university have shown that a human embryo can be created using dna from three people. the child would have all the characteristics of its parents accept the genes that carry the herited disease. -- except the genes that carried the inherited disease. m a newly fertilized human egg, a microscopic image that has become familiar. you are looking at something radically different, a new frontier in genetics. the scientists from newcastle believe they can actually fix a genetic faults which has caused illness, death, and heartache for families for generations. like for edward and his mother. he is severely disabled with a host of problems, the result of the dna fault passed on by his
mother. the same genetic illness meant that she and toward the death of six other children, all within days -- that she had to go through the death of six other children, all within days of their births. >> you cannot imagine it happening six times, and then to be told that is something like this. he screams through the night. he cannot walk now. >> the disease is found in these structures, michael condit, power packs for each cell that have their own dna -- mitochondria, power packs for each cell that have their own dna. the nuclei of the sperm and egg contain all the crucial genes from both parents. these were removed, leaving
behind the mother's mitochondria. the nuclei were transferred to another woman's egg carrying its own mitochondria. the embryo has a tiny bit of dna from the second woman. >> all we are doing is changing of the power supply. everything that makes the person a person will still be there, we have just correct it the power plant problem. >> none of the 80 embryos they produced was implanted, but the newcastle team thinks they will be ready to treat couples and about three years. critics say that must never happen. >> parents who are seeking to have a child of their own, but what may happen is they may have to share this child with a third person, the person providing the egg. >> this woman knows all the research comes too late for her and it would take a ruling from
the health secretary before the treatment could be used to help around 1000 other women with the same condition to have a healthy child. stay with us on "bbc world news." building a new life in kenya, micro credit is giving some a chance to escape the slums. first, a review into hacked e-mail from a british university has cleared scientist. of behaving dishonestly. appeared to show the scientist had tampered with the theory of climate change. >> how reliable is the science behind global warming? that question was raised by these emails, which flashed around the world last november, messages from the university apparently suggesting researchers were manipulating key data about climate change. the university was thrust into the spotlight. at least three separate inquiries were set up into
whether the scientist had been honest. today, one of the key verdicts. yes, the science is reliable, and yes, too, it could have been better. >> they could do things slightly differently and the future, use better statistical methods, better procedures for maintaining records, but i don't think any of this undermines their fundamental scientific objectivity. >> one focus was data from weather stations measuring temperatures at one location and around the world. another was from tree rings. the signs indicate past climate. the inquiry criticized the way information was handled, but the university is delighted its scientists have been cleared. >> it was utterly unjustified vilification of the scientific integrity.
that integrity remains firmly intact. >> this report effectively clears the researchers of any wrongdoing, but critics say the inquiry was far too superficial to be meaningful. a far more detailed report will be published next month. the latest headlines on "bbc world news" -- a powerful earthquake in western china has left nearly 600 dead, thousands injured. the race is on now to find survivors. a violent tropical storm has killed more than 100 and northeastern india and bangladesh, thousands of homes destroyed. deliberately throwing acid into someone's face seems unimaginable, but in some parts of the world is almost commonplace. in pakistan, 150 women are
attacked every year, often by husbands. those who are trying to help them are campaigning for tougher sentences for the attackers. our reporter has been meeting the women who are rebuilding their lives. >> this was this woman seven years ago. here she is now, just hours out of surgery, her 18th. she says her husband did this to her because of a domestic dispute, robbing her of her looks, but not her courage. she has trained as a beautician. >> i want to own my own beauty parlor. i want people to say, that is the girl who suffered. i want to show him that even the road -- even though he threw acid in my face, it did not and my life. m after seven long years, her husband is still on trial --
>> after seven long years, her husband is still on trial. >> he should either get the death penalty or have acid thrown in his face so he knows how it feels. >> these women and their families are bound together by a shared tragedy and a shared will to rebuild their lives. one has even managed to forgive. this woman is a mother of two. she says her in-laws. stir in asset after a fight. -- she said her in-laws did this after a fight. >> they did this to me. i put my trust in god. >> it is time for her surgery. she is getting free treatment from pakistani doctors and british volunteers, led by this
surgeon. he has been helping victims for years. >> i feel very passionate and angry about it. not only for the patient but the whole family. we do whatever we can to fix this. >> in this case, this means grafting skin from her leg onto her neck. this will allow her to lift her head fully. this is her sixth operation, and she will need more. afterwards, she has returned to the loving care of her mother. campaigners say pakistan is finally waking up to this crime, but most victims cannot even register a case with the police.
people have started moving in to a new housing development in kenya. nothing unusual, this is different, organized and financed entirely using micro credit. the company behind it wants to offer some of the poorest people a chance for a better life. the project is not without its critics as we discovered. >> this person enjoys their new house. this former prostitute turned seamstress' is saddling in with her four children outside of nairobi -- this former prostitute turned seamstress is saddling in with her four children outside of nairobi, buying this house with micro credit. she escaped prostitution with the help of a loan to buy her first sewing machine. it now she stitches together
clothing, keeping her kids in school and under a decent roof. >> we have so many loans, even money to pay for this house. >> this story is as much about the town as it is about the woman. the town was built entirely on micro credit. 130 families live here and it will eventually house 2000. the organization behind it is this one. >> we want to try to rehabilitate the poorer members. that is why we found it was not only credit for the victims, it leads to a life. >> it is an experiment in social engineering, but neighboring
communities say there is no industry here or jobs. it is more than two hours away from nairobi on a good day, which critics say cannot work. >> there is not enough in come -- income to keep it economically sound. >> when she can, she moves into the slums to sell dresses. she has no regrets, but admits that it is not easy to make a living. that is why the squalor is difficult to leave. in many ways, it is the antithesis of this place. it was intended this way. it is dirty, crowded, and secure, but there is a reason why people keep coming here, -- in secure, but there is a reason why people keep coming here, they can make money. it gives some a chance to escape
by moving into these homes. the musical "hair" caused a stir when it opened 40 years ago, and is back on broadway, featuring nudity, drug taking, and a strong anti-war message. our arts editor has considered whether there are any taboos in the theater today. >> we all know that this has been back in fashion for a while. now it is the return of "hair." 42 years after it first opened, with a then-unknown actor in its starring role, a new-age is
ushered in. >> this is the dawning of the age of aquarius. >> not everybody was celebrating. years after the show opened, it provoked anger because people said it was immoral and indecent. this 2010 versionh 2010air" is not likely -- this 2010 version of "hair" is not likely to have as much controversy. does that mean anything goes? the impresario was part of the original production. now he is bringing it back to london. i asked if there were subjects today that would be as controversial as it was back then. >> there is much more on stage than there was 40 years ago. religion is still a very touchy
subject on the stage. everyone thinks twice before they go into it. >> that opinion is shared by a leading lawyer specializing in the arts. >> you can show sex, but you cannot show anything that is considered to be disrespectful of religion or religious practices. myself, i consider that to be radical. >> so things have changed. 1968, the removal of censorship. now, 2010, the age of self- censorship. hundreds of people have been evacuated from their homes in southwestern iceland because of concerns about a volcanic
eruption. several earthquakes have registered. huge plumes of steam have been seen uprising. geologists say it is likely eruption is already under way underneath the ice sheet and could lead to destructive floods. more on that story and all the international news on our website, any time, bbc.com/news. thank you very much for being with us. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
>> union bank has put its expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.